During the aging process, discs can weaken and develop tears or cracks in the outer portion, resulting in degenerative disc disease. Additionally, the inner portion may bulge out and press against the outer portion, resulting in pain.The purpose of artificial disc replacement is to replace the worn out disc while also preserving the spine’s motion. The result is reduced back pain and no increased risk of problems developing at an adjacent level of the spine.
The spine disease treatment or pain management is one of the easiest treatments and can easily be conducted in the home or at clinic on day care basis. Some common methods included in spine disease treatment are
The foremost thing to do while witnessing agitating pain in the lower back which in turn is causing numbness in the lower body part is to contact the consultant spine pain specialist immediately and to start immediate treatment. Most common treatments related to the degenerated spine pain are complete rest, proper exercise, medicines along with physiotherapy in the first four weeks of the treatment procedure.
If the pain does not recede even after four weeks treatment then the doctors may consider pain management or Injection therapy as a treatment procedure. The surgical methods are generally avoided by the doctors (Except in cases where there are red flags present) and are considered as the weapon of last resort.
Disk removal is one of the most common types of back surgery. Diskectomy (also called discectomy) is the removal of an intervertebral disk, the flexible plate that connects any two adjacent vertebrae in the spine. Intervertebral disks act as shock absorbers, protecting the brain and spinal cord from the impact produced by the body's movements.
Removing the invertebral disk is performed after completion of unsuccessful conservative treatment for back pain that has been present for at least six weeks. Surgery is also performed if there is pressure on the lumbosacral nerve roots that causes weakness, bowel dysfunction, or bladder dysfunction.
As a person ages, the disks between vertebrae degenerate and dry out, and tears form in the fibers holding them in place. Eventually, the disk can develop a blister-like bulge, compressing nerves in the spine and causing pain. This is called a "prolapsed" (or herniated) disk. If such a disk presses on a nerve root and causes muscle weakness, or problems with the bladder or bowel, immediate disk removal surgery may be needed.