Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive spine surgery used to treat a spinal compression fracture. Spinal compression fractures occur primarily in spinal vertebrae that have been weakened by osteoporosis. Compression fractures typically occur in the thoracic region of the spine, which includes the T1 through T12 vertebrae, but may also occur in the lumbar spine, or L1 through L5. The goals of kyphoplasty are to reduce pain from the fracture, stabilize the vertebra, and restore the vertebra back to its normal height.
Laminectomy is a surgery to remove the lamina. Lamina is the flattened or arched part of the vertebral arch, forming the roof of the spinal canal; the posterior part of the spinal ring that covers the spinal cord or nerves. This is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy may also be done to remove bone spurs in your spine. The procedure can take pressure off your spinal nerves or spinal cord.
TLIF Surgery or Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion is a spinal fusion surgical technique which is performed to stabilize spinal vertebra & the disc or the shock absorber between vertebrae. Lumbar fusion surgery is basically designed to create solid bone in-between adjoining vertebrae & which would eventually eliminate any movement between particular discs. Goal of TLIF surgery is however to reduce nerve irritation & pain.
TLIF surgery is commonly performed through the posterior, back portion of spine. Surgical hardware is applied to spine in order to help enhance rate of fusion. Rods & pedicle screws are attached to back of vertebra along with an interbody fusion spacer which is inserted into disc space from one side of spine. Bone graft is subsequently placed into interbody space, alongside back of vertebra which is to be fused. Bone graft which is obtained from the pelvis area of the patient or from substitutes is also at times used. As bone grafts heal, they fuse the vertebra below & above so as to form one long single bone.
Eventually TLIF surgery fuses the front (anterior) & back (posterior) columns of spine through a singular posterior approach. Anterior portion of spine is thus stabilized with help of the bone graft & interbody spacer. Posterior column is also locked in place with help of rods, pedicle screws & bone graft.