Brain Injury Overview

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the damage caused by a blow or jolt to the brain can affect the psychological, physical and cognitive functions. TBI includes the causes like falls, accidents or any object penetrating in the brain. TBI can be serious and cause long term ailments. Any kind of injury to the brain is serious but a severe kind of injury to the brain can be lethal. TBI can be categorized according to the type of injury, brain has realized.

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Brain Injury

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Brain Injury

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI): MTBI mainly attributed to as concussion, is a loss of consciousness or disorientation for nearly 30minutes. This damage may not be visible in an MRI or CT scan. Symptoms are headache, confusion, lightheadedness, whirling sensation, foggy vision or weary eyes, bad taste, weariness and trouble with memory. MTBI can have long term effects, known as Post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Patients suffering for PCS might experience significant changes in the personality.

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (STBI): STBI includes all the MTBI's symptoms but in this case, the headaches can get worse or do not get away. The other symptoms of STBI are repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions, inability in waking up from sleep, dilation of one or both pupils, slurred speech, weakness or numbness, can increase more than 30 minutes. It may require surgical intervention.

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Brain Injury

Brain Tumor

The brain tumor is the horde of abnormal cells growth in any part of the brain. Brain tumor is classified in two types according to their behavior, malignant or cancerous tumor and benign tumor. The cause of such tumors is unknown but need immediate medical supervision, if found. These tumors are diagnosed by medical examination along with MRI and contrast enhanced CT scan, later confirmed by biopsy. The major symptoms are headaches, seizures, problem with vision, vomiting and mental changes.

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Brain Tumor

Brain Clot Removel

Brain clots are the blood masses formed in the brain or outside the brain but beneath the skull. Clots can be easily diagnosed with plain CT scan of the brain. Cerebral angiogram and MRI are required for diagnosing the cause of clot formation. The major causes for these clotting are head injuries or trauma, hypertension, vascular malformation, consumption of blood thinners, inflammation of the vessels. In some cases, surgery is required if the medication fail to remove the clots.

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Brain Clot Removal

Head Injury

Brain clots are the blood masses formed in the brain or outside the brain but beneath the skull. Clots can be easily diagnosed with plain CT scan of the brain. Cerebral angiogram and MRI are required for diagnosing the cause of clot formation. The major causes for these clotting are head injuries or trauma, hypertension, vascular malformation, consumption of blood thinners, inflammation of the vessels. In some cases, surgery is required if the medication fail to remove the clots.

Micro Neuro Surgeory

Neurosurgery often involves reaching into complex areas of the brain, the skull base, or the spinal cord. The objective of Neurosurgery is to treat the disease while keeping the delicate functions of the brain intact, thereby achieving good surgical outcome. This can be done by combining the latest microscopic surgical techniques with the most advanced and up-to-date technical resources. This allows us to reach the surgical target safely while keeping the risk at a minimum.

Micro neurosurgery is a term used to refer to the operating microscope and specific micro-instruments which are deployed to perform a surgery for treating the diseases of brain, spine, and spinal cord. Neurosurgeons are nowadays very adept in Microsurgery and perform several complex delicate operations using the Microscope.

Dr Pankaj Gupta

Micro Nuero Surgeory

The centers for Neurosurgery at Apollo Hospitals offer the best in micro neurosurgery. Almost all procedures in brain and spine are done under the magnification provided by the microscope. With the use of a microscope, there is less damage to a normal brain or spinal cord surrounding the area of abnormality. Patients have a smooth recovery and lower incidence of surgery induced deficits. The hospital stay is reduced and thus the cost of treatment is lower.